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The Physical Therapy Board 
of Craniofacial & Cervical Therapeutics
HomeRecent Abstracts

Recent Abstracts

The publications that follow represent the extensive contribution to the supportive literature by diplomats of the Physical Therapy Board of Craniofacial & Cervical Therapeutics.


Recent Abstracts Publications by Jeffrey Mannheimer


Kietrys DM, Palombaro KM & Mannheimer JS. Dry needling for management of pain in the upper quarter and craniofacial region. Current Pain & Headache Reports. 18(8): 437- 446, 2014.

Dry needling for management of pain in the upper quarter and craniofacial region.


Dry needling is a therapeutic intervention that has been growing in popularity. It is primarily used with patients that have pain of myofascial origin. This review provides background about dry needling, myofascial pain, and craniofacial pain. We summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness of dry needling. For patients with upper quarter myofascial pain, a 2013 systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 randomized controlled studies reported that dry needling is effective in reducing pain (especially immediately after treatment) in patients with upper quarter pain. There have been fewer studies of patients with craniofacial pain and myofascial pain in other regions, but most of these studies report findings to suggest the dry needling may be helpful in reducing pain and improving other pain related variables such as the pain pressure threshold. More rigorous randomized controlled trials are clearly needed to more fully elucidate the effectiveness of dry needling.

Recent Abstracts Publications by Steve Kraus
Steven L. Kraus, PT 
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA; Physiotherapy Associates, Atlanta. GA, USA
Characteristics of 511 patients with temporomandibular disorders referred for physical therapy

Objective. This study aimed (1) to identify the diagnostic subsets of a patient population with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) referred from dental professionals to a physical therapist (PT) in an outpatient physical therapy practice and (2 ) to use the characteristics of this TMD population to assist clinica l decision making in the management of TMD.


Study Design. This was an insti tutional review board-approved, retrospective study of 511 patients referred to a PT. The PT followed the diagnostic guidelines of axis I of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC!TMD).


Results. All 8 diagnostic subsets of the RDC/TMD were diagnosed among the 51 1 patients. Concurrent diagnostic subsets, cervical spine involvement, and oral appliance use were described.


Conclusions. PTs in an outpatient practice should be proficient in the use of the RDC/TMD. Characteristics identified with this patient population suggest that dentists should involve the services of PTs early in the management of patients with TMD and cervical symptoms. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radial 2014; 11 8:432-439)